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Transforming Plastic Waste into Green Steel: A Sustainable Solution to Beat Plastic Pollution

Plastic pollution is a major environmental problem and threatens ecosystems and human health globally. With innovative initiatives, such as using plastic waste in the iron and steel industry, we can reduce plastic pollution. We can also lead the way towards a more sustainable and greener steel future. This blog will aim to explain the potential of plastic waste recycling in steelmaking and provide a detailed introduction to the topic.

Plastic Waste in the Iron and Steel Industry

According to a statement by the Steel Minister, plastic waste can be converted into a valuable resource in the iron and steel sector. By incorporating plastic waste as a feedstock in steelmaking processes, we can reduce traditional raw materials while minimizing plastic pollution.

A meeting of all officials in the Ministry of Steel held by Shri Ram Chandra Prasad Singh to discuss SRTMI's report on Plastic Waste utilization in Iron and Steel Industries came to observation that the Iron and Steel Industry can utilize plastic waste significantly for coke making, blast furnace iron making, and arc furnace steel manufacturing.

Since plastic waste contains carbon and hydrogen, is highly energy efficient compared to coal used by industry, and is free of ash, alkali matter, etc., it will be beneficial to the industry in multiple ways, including reducing coal import dependency, minimizing greenhouse gasses, improving efficiency, as well as addressing the large national issue of plastic waste disposal. Plastics including single-use plastics can be utilized in the Iron and Steel Industry.  Many countries around the world use such plastics in steel making.

By using plastics in the steel industry, we can address a major environmental and social problem of generating carcinogenic gasses like Dioxin and Furans. These gasses occur during incineration and energy generation since high temperatures are maintained and some processes involve pyrolysis. Based on the present capacity, 2 to 3 million tonnes of plastic waste could be consumed annually by 2030-31 and more than 8 million tonnes in 2030-31.

Advantages of Plastic Waste in Steel Production:

Environmental Impact

  • Plastic waste recycling in steelmaking reduces the demand for virgin resources, curbing deforestation, and mineral extraction. Also, plastic waste recycling for steelmaking can reduce the need to mine iron ore by up to 20%.
  • It helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as plastic waste requires less energy compared to conventional raw materials. For instance, the recycling of one tonne of plastic into steel results in a reduction of up to 1.45 tonnes of CO2 emissions.
  • The process contributes to a circular economy, promoting resource efficiency and waste reduction. Plastic waste that would otherwise be discarded can be used to create new products, such as car parts and furniture, drastically reducing the amount of virgin raw materials needed.

Economic Benefits

  • Incorporating plastic waste in steel production presents a cost-effective alternative, reducing the reliance on expensive raw materials. Additionally, this strategy also provides benefits to the environment through the reduction of plastic waste in landfill sites. 

  • It opens up opportunities for new business models, fostering a green economy and creating jobs in the recycling sector. Steel producers can invest in a new waste sorting and plastic recycling facility, creating more job opportunities in the area.

Successful Initiatives :

Indian Steel Industry

  • India's steel industry has taken significant steps towards utilizing plastic waste in steelmaking. Through extensive research and development, innovative technologies are being implemented to maximize the efficiency of plastic waste conversion. These technologies have enabled the industry to create steel with greater strength and durability, while also reducing emissions and waste. 

  • Examples include using plastic-coated cables in electric arc furnaces, which results in better energy utilization and reduced emissions.

Global Efforts

  • Beyond India, other countries are also making strides in incorporating plastic waste in steel production. 

  • Furthermore, collaborative efforts between the plastics and steel industries are exploring novel ways to recycle plastic waste and integrate it into the steelmaking process. By doing this, not only could plastic waste be prevented from entering the environment, but it could also be repurposed to create an entirely new material. For example, shredding and melting plastic waste, it can be mixed with steel scrap before it is melted to create a composite material for use in numerous applications.

The Path Forward

To achieve a green steel future and combat plastic pollution, it is crucial to focus on:

  • Research and development to enhance the efficiency and scalability of plastic waste utilization in steelmaking. In addition, it is important to promote the use of recycled materials to reduce the reliance on virgin materials, and to invest in waste management systems and infrastructure that can support and process plastic waste.

  • Creating supportive policies and regulations that incentivize the adoption of plastic waste recycling technologies in the iron and steel industry. The implementation of such policies and regulations could prove beneficial for both the environment and industry, by helping to reduce plastic waste while also providing a cost-effective solution. Governments could introduce tax incentives for companies that demonstrate the adoption of sustainable and innovative plastic waste recycling technologies.

  • Encouraging collaboration between stakeholders, including governments, industries, and research institutions, to drive innovation and knowledge sharing. Furthermore, these partnerships should focus on developing practical solutions to global challenges. For instance, the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, a public-private partnership between the United Nations Foundation, the US government, and the private sector, is working to promote the adoption of clean and efficient cookstoves and fuels around the world.


Transforming plastic waste into green steel presents a promising solution to tackle plastic pollution while fostering sustainable steel production. By embracing this approach, we can protect our environment, conserve resources, and work towards a circular economy. This approach not only offers environmental gains but also presents a pathway for economic benefits for stakeholders and communities around the world. 

With concerted efforts and continuous innovation, we can build a greener future, where plastic waste becomes a valuable asset in the steel industry, benefiting both our planet and our economy. This is an opportunity to create a new wave of economic growth and prosperity, in which businesses, consumers, and the environment are all winners. Metalbook proudly promotes Green Steel as a way to combat plastic pollution and protect our environment for generations to come. We believe in taking action to make the world a better place for everyone.

Pragati Tiwari